From: American Bureau £or Med1eaJ. Aid to ChiD& 3/22/54 P.s.s. 1790 Broadway New York 19, N.Y.
HI~Y 01 '1'HI AMERICAI BUDAlJ FOR MEDICAL AID 'l'() CHIBA
l'EIM OF IWUlI;
Few in this country were aware that the anoeuvres of £oreign troops in China in the 1930' s were advance warning of a ful.l-scale war later.
Possibly due to World War I, the people o£ the United States had their eyes on Jmrope. Hitler and Nlssolini were performing their antics. To most Americans, China was, in a sense, "£ar Cathay".
But scae of the more farSighted were shocked at the Incident of the Marco Polo Bridge. It took place on July 7, 1937, when Japanese soldiers, pretending to look for one missing trooper, attacked Wamping City, qest of Peipiog.
''Where 18 heT Where are you hiding our soldier'" were the questions which hundreds of people were asked at bayonet point.
Fighting £olloved. '!'he Chinese ev&C\ated Peiping. '!hen, in time, Tientain,
Kalgan, one city at'ter another. And fraa then on the Sino-Japanese War moved
China appealed to the League o£ Itations, and the League pledged its JIOI'8.l support and pronounced Japan guilty. '!he U.S. State Department condemned Japan for the action. '!hen JCweisu £ell, Paotow, and other cities in turn. '!he Chinese National Gove:rmaent moved to Chungkine;.
'Dle Chinese were attacked and deatitute. Long subject to hardships o£ living, they were virtually without modern supplies of an;y kind for the medical aid they needed.
And so a group in this country B1JIIP&thetic by interest and descent with the ChiDese faced the fact that the war was going to continue. To see how they could